Darfur Crisis
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The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) says the ongoing armed violence in Darfur, Sudan, is driving an acute deterioration in living conditions for millions of people.

The humanitarian organisation, according to a recent study, reported that over 65 percent of income earned by Sudanese in Darfur was being spent on food alone.

Since the beginning of the conflict, over three million people have been displaced, according to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) estimates, with more than 80 percent living across five Darfur states.

With tensions escalating in Darfur, many are being forced into camps for displaced persons where shelter, water, food, and other essential services are out of reach for those most vulnerable.

‘Around 80 percent of the affected population, according to our survey, cannot take mitigation measures available to others, living in temporary, often precarious displacement sites, or constantly fleeing from violence’, Berthe Diomande, who runs livelihood support programmes for the ICRC in Darfur, explained in a statement.

‘For example, they cannot save food from a good harvest because there is nowhere to keep it, and this means it can be stolen from them’.

The impact of the violence in Darfur has been detrimental to livelihoods, agriculture, land ownership, and access to basic services, as many are being pushed to the brink of severe dependency on humanitarian aid.

‘People try to recover their livelihoods destroyed in the past conflicts and violence, but access to existing resources is not available to everyone due to historical land disputes, which creates new intercommunal clashes and new displacement’, ICRC’s Head of Delegation in Khartoum, Pascal Cuttat, said.

‘Adding to that, the increased food prices are leaving many without alternatives to feed their families’.

To help people and communities recover and build resilience, the ICRC said it was providing livelihood support to people, including refugees, returnees and displaced people.

‘From January to March 2022 the economic security team have implemented [carried out] registration and verification of 25,400 families (152’400 people) who will receive agricultural support to help the cultivate during the main agricultural season in Darfur, Blue Nile and South Kordofan’, the statement said.

The organisation also said, ‘Livestock vaccination campaign was completed in three localities in Blue Nile State; 100,000 animals were vaccinated and treated’.

It also noted that 2,400 people received payment to work on the rehabilitation of a water pond in Tawila, North Darfur.

Photo source: ICRC

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